Work on the U.S. airborne laser has gotten the Russians talking again.
On 19 August, an OPK source told Interfaks a laser system mounted on an Il-76 is under development, specifically to counter enemy reconnaissance systems. It’s supposed to disrupt optoelectronic equipment operating in the infrared range in space, at sea, and on land. The Interfaks source said this work’s been continuing for some time using a modified Il-76 (A-60), and the laser’s gone through a series of successful tests.
Vesti.ru picked up the story from here. It says Russia’s flying airborne laser laboratory took flight in 1981, and fired against an aerial target in April 1984. However, work ceased in the early 1990s for lack of funds. But now, Vesti.ru claims financing is going “according to plan.”
Defense commentator Igor Korotchenko told Vesti.ru he doesn’t see the sense in the airborne laser, and doesn’t think it could be used in practice:
“From a practical point of view, realization of such a program under conditions of defense budget limitations will look absolutely unwarranted and wasteful for the Russian budget. Even if Russia gave itself such a task as developing an air-based laser, we have to understand that we’d have to fly this laser into U.S. airspace. And try to destroy ballistic missiles there in the launch phase when they fire them at us. It’s completely obvious that all our aircraft would be shot down.”
Korotchenko goes on to say only the U.S. can afford a program like the airborne laser. But regarding Russia:
“. . . theoretically, of course, it’s possible to allow that such a flying laser system could be built, but if it’s senseless in a practical plan of combat employment, why take away resources from really important and necessary programs?”
While reading Korotchenko, one needs to bear his long and close association with Almaz-Antey in mind. Perhaps there’s fear lasers might detract from funding for more conventional air defense weapons.
According to Vesti.ru, many specialists think it’s just a matter of Russian prestige in keeping up with the Americans. CAST’s Ruslan Pukhov doesn’t consider it a waste, however, saying that even the U.S. recognized Russian laser successes, and it would be stupid not to pursue more research. Still others say it’d be better to spend money protecting Russian missiles from laser strikes during launch and boost phases.
Newsru.com provided Pukhov’s comment:
“Several types of weapons need to fulfill the same function so that your system is more stable. If suddenly the enemy found some kind of countermeasure to one type of weapon, or you didn’t manage to employ it for this or that reason, it’s always better to have a substitute. Therefore, in my view, it’s stupid to renounce those types of weapons and those technologies where even your potential enemy assesses you extremely highly.”
Lenta.ru also added to this story. According to it, the laser system will be for Russian forces; there’s no talk of exporting yet. It says Russian Academy of Engineering Sciences official Yuriy Zaytsev first mentioned renewed work on an airborne laser in August 2009. It provides some background on the Soviet laser weapons program in the 1960s and 1970s, through the A-60’s successful destruction of an aerial target in 1984. It says, though there was no money in the 1990s, the design bureau continued to work on the laser program on an initiative basis.