As General Director of both Sevmash and TsKB MT Rubin, Andrey Dyachkov’s a pretty significant individual when it comes to submarines. What follows are highlights from his RIA Novosti interview last Friday.
Some blurbs have been published, but one frankly hasn’t had time to see if they captured the importance of what Dyachkov said. Hence this summary. It has less elegance (or perhaps fluff) than you may be accustomed to reading on these pages.
Dyachkov said the following:
- Sevmash and the Defense Ministry signed a contract for the modernized Yasen, or Yasen-M this year. It will be five units; Severodvinsk plus five. Severodvinsk will be delivered next year; there were problems with some components obtained from suppliers and the Kalibr missile system needs to complete state testing. About six months are needed for all this.
- This year’s huge contract problems were a result of a changed Defense Ministry approach toward price formation Sevmash wasn’t ready for. But times have changed, and Sevmash recognizes money has to be used more effectively, and ways have to be found to cut production expenditures.
- Rubin has a contract to design the modernized proyekt 955, Borey, the Borey-A. The contract should be signed by early 2012. The lay-down of the first improved Borey will happen next year, and Saint Nikolay is still the working name for the first unit. No word from the Sevmash chief on the final number of boats until after the contract is signed. They’ve started laying down Saint Nikolay, but the official ceremony’s still to come.
- Seventy percent of sub costs are reportedly to pay suppliers. The main thing is getting them to reduce the cost of their products. The Defense Ministry might even consider foreign component suppliers for some SSBN components.
- Sevmash will take on construction of two diesel-electric proyekt 636 from Admiralty Wharves. This will lighten the workload of the latter, and use excess capacity at the former.
- Severnoye PKB has a contract to figure out how to modernize Kirov-class CGN Admiral Nakhimov (proyekt 1164, Orlan). First and foremost, it needs new missiles (Kalibr and Oniks) to replace its Granit. They are talking only about Nakhimov at this point.
- Sevmash won’t be repairing CV Admiral Kuznetsov in 2012. The shipyard is prepared to build a future carrier.
- Modified Typhoon-class SSBN Dmitriy Donskoy will be kept active at the White Sea Naval Base for sub-on-sub trials of new boats. Northern Fleet subs won’t be diverted for this task.
- KB Malakhit has developed repair and modernization plans for the Akula-class (Proyekt 971, Bars). Money’s been allocated and Zvezdochka will do the work.
- Russia may offer up the Amur-1650 diesel sub in next year’s Indian tender. It could have air-independent propulsion, but Russia doesn’t seem really high on the idea.
- They want to test Proyekt 677 Lada and its sonar in deeper waters next year.
Perhaps the Borey and Yasen mods reflect the problems of restarting construction that had been dormant (or at least very slow) for a long time and of using newly-made components rather than older ones.
I wonder what might be the rational for replacing the Granite missile systems with Yakhont and Kalibr? Grant flies at longer range than Yakhont (twice as long) while it flies faster than the long-ranger Kalibr (at 1,500-2,000 km hr vs sub-sonic for Kalibr)…if Granit is the “AC Killer” what is Kalibr and Yakhont? In other words, is this at all an upgrade of the weapons systems or at best a side move?