General Staff Chief, Army General Valeriy Gerasimov held a press conference with Russian news agencies on 14 September. The just-completed Kavkaz-2016 strategic exercise was the main, but not the only, topic.
Interfaks-AVN captured Gerasimov’s comments on one particular subject of interest.
Army General Gerasimov said:
“Contractees are substantially increasing the combat capability of sub-units and military units. In our districts, including the Southern Military District, battalion tactical groups [BTGs], which are fully manned by contract service soldiers, have been created. There are now 66 of such BTGs, at the end of 2016 there will be 96, next year 115, and the year after  125.”
Every BTG, Gerasimov noted for the media, has 700-800 men, and reinforced BTGs have 900. As a rule, each Russian regiment and brigade has two BTGs, he said.
What is a BTG?
A BTG is a motorized rifle or tank battalion of 2-4 companies with attached ATGM, artillery, reconnaissance, engineer, and rear support platoons making a fairly self-sufficient ground combat unit.
These were some brief but significant comments from Gerasimov. What do they tell us?
BTGs are supposed to be completely manned and fully combat ready. Gerasimov didn’t say that regiments and brigades typically have at least a third maneuver battalion which may not be completely manned or combat ready.
To simplify our math, let’s say Russia’s Ground Troops today comprise 36 maneuver (motorized rifle and tank) brigades. We’ll leave out the longstanding 2nd Motorized Rifle Division and 4th Tank Division, as well as the future 150th MRD.
Those 36 brigades equate to a nominal 108 (36 x 3) maneuver battalions. If there are 66 BTGs now, then two-thirds of the 108 are organized in essentially ready-to-fight packages.
Ninety-six would get close to 100 percent BTGs by the end of this year. But adding another 30 (66 + 30 = 96) in less than four months seems almost ridiculously difficult.
The 115 (96 + 19) and 125 (115 + 10) figures for 2017 and 2018 would be much easier.
Battalions composing current divisions (or new divisions and brigades in the process of forming up) certainly account for some number of BTGs above 108.
It’s unclear how many airborne (VDV) or naval infantry BTGs there might be. Gerasimov seemed to be talking strictly about Ground Troops. Between them, VDV and naval infantry might have 30+ battalions already organized into BTGs, or candidates to become BTGs. But we don’t know if or how they factor into Gerasimov’s current or future number of BTGs.
Gerasimov’s comments have value with regard to contract service. Sixty-six BTGs at 800 men each account for 52,800 professional enlisted. And 125 would be 100,000. Those numbers represent a fair portion of a Russian Army of 300,000 considering that there might be 60,000 officers, and there will always be conscripts.
P.S. A BTG surely also has its own air defense sub-unit too.
Standard brigade has 4 maneuver battalions, not 3.
Majority of Russian bdes now have three.
Well, I’m not a specialist on Russian organization, but I’ve yet to see a single Russian source, claiming mass disbandment of battalions in the brigades in recent years.
Approximately how many troops do modern Russian brigades contain? Is it around 4500?
4,500 is the rough number for U.S. Army brigade combat teams. Russian brigades are smaller — 2,000-3,000 usually.
Ahh I see. How many tanks, APCs and IFVs do they have approximately per brigade? Thanks in advance.
Would say a minimum of 120 armored vehicles of all types (BTRs, BMPs, tanks). Perhaps more if they have a fourth maneuver unit fleshed out to some degree.
It’s hard to say now, with all those reorganizations.
TO&E strength of motorized rifle brigades during reforms was between 4300 and 4600 men. But available data from Russian intervention in Ukraine shows us TO&E strength of motorized rifle brigades around 3600 men.
As for the actual strength of Russian brigades – I don’t have the slightest idea 😦
Ground Troops CINC Salyukov announced there are currently 109,000 contractees in his service currently. He is aiming for 130,000 by year’s end. See http://bit.ly/2diN46R.
That’s very low number. 66 BTGs = c.46200 men. It means c.62800 contractees to man the rest of the Army, including remaining units of 36 line brigades and some 50 support and supply brigades, as well as the rest of the military infrastructure.