2S1 Gvozdika 122-mm SP howitzers leaving the factory in Perm
In September, we checked in on Motovilikha and its contract to produce 20 Tornado-S multiple launch rocket systems for the Russian MOD in 2020. Today it put out a press-release detailing its completion of state defense order work for 2019.
The enterprises of Motovilikhinskiye Plants put out more than 70 pieces of tube and rocket artillery, and spares for the MOD this year. Work on GOZ contracts finished last week.
Motovilikha subsidiary ZAO Special Design Bureau (SKB) repaired more than 30 2A65 Msta-B 152-mm towed howitzers and 2S1 Gvozdika 122-mm SP howitzers, and carried out capital repair and modernization of about 20 Grad MLRS updating them to Tornado-G systems.
Msta-B 152-mm towed howtizers leaving the plant
Quoting Motovilikhinskiye Plants director Aleksandr Anokhin, the press-release reported the volume of GOZ work will increase “substantially” in 2020.
The item notes that Motovilikha is the developer and only producer of Grad and Smerch MLRS, modified Tornado-G and Tornado-S systems, and associated reload vehicles. It produces 2S23 Nona-SVK and 2S31 Vena 120-mm self-propelled guns, the towed Msta-B, 2B23 Nona-M1 120-mm towed mortar, and other artillery systems.
Interestingly, the end of the press-release added that:
State corporation Rostekh, OOO RT-Kapital specifically, is currently implementing a systematic anti-crisis program in connection with the Motovilikhinskiye Plants group of enterprises which aims to preserve and develop their fundamental productive competencies in their existing facilities.
So despite the year just ending, Motovilikha is experiencing a crisis. But owner Rostekh wants to keep it operating in Perm. Beyond that, who knows. RT-Kapital is a branch of the conglomerate that works with “problem” equity and consolidates and restructures debt.
Posted in Defense Industry, Force Modernization, Ground Troops
Tagged 2A65, 2S1, ЗАО "СКБ", Grad, Gvozdika, Motovilikha, Motovilikhinskiye Plants, Msta-B, Perm, Tornado-G, ZAO SKB
According to Kommersant, Perm-based ZAO Special Design Bureau (SKB) received a contract worth 6-7 billion rubles ($93-$108 million) to produce 20 combat systems for the Russian MOD. The paper’s sources say the contract is for Tornado-S multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) and transport-reload vehicles. The equipment is to be delivered in 2020.
The 12-tube, 300-mm Tornado-S (9K515) MLRS is a “deeply modernized” version of the Smerch. It reportedly features GLONASS satellite navigation, automated fire control, and 9M542 PGMs. Unlike earlier systems, Tornado-S gives specific flight profile data to each rocket. Its effective range is 120 km.
Tornado-S first entered the inventory in late 2016. Smerch was accepted for service in 1989.
The new 9K515 weapons system includes the 9A54 launch vehicle and 9T255 transport-reload vehicle.
The 20 systems in the contract likely include 16 launch vehicles (two battalions of eight) and four transport-reload vehicles (two per launch battalion).
The Russian MOD is using new Tornado-S MLRS to build a heavy rocket launcher brigade at the district level in each of its four MDs. In Soviet times, each MD (front) disposed of its own rocket launcher brigade, typically four battalions of 18 40-tube, 122-mm BM-21 Grad systems.
Those “brigades” look like this now:
- Western MD…Tver…79th Brigade…three battalions of Tornado-S…12 launchers.
- Southern MD…Znamensk…439th Brigade…??? battalions of Tornado-S…??? launchers.
- Central MD…Shchuchye…232nd Brigade…two battalions of 220-mm Uragan…16 launchers.
- Eastern MD…Novosysoyevka…338th Brigade…2-3 battalions of Uragan…16-18 launchers.
But these are more like rocket battalions than the brigades of old days.
The first Tornado-S deployments began in 2017 in the Western MD and continued in the Southern MD in early 2019.
It seems likely the Tornado-S systems due in 2020 will go to the Central or Eastern MD before the Western or Southern get more.
Kommersant detailed the poor financial status of ZAO SKB. Its parent, long-time sole producer of Russian MLRS Motovilikhinskiye Plants is bankrupt. SKB was split away to keep creditors at bay. The rest of Motovilikha is supposed to retool to make civilian products. The growing problem of insolvency in Russia’s OPK is worthy of a look.
Take a few minutes and read two posts from Paul Goble’s Window on Eurasia —Russian Commander Appeals to Mufti to Help Restore Order in His Unit and Russian General Staff to Experiment with ‘Mono-Ethnic’ and ‘Mono-Religious’ Units.
Goble reviews recent problems with insubordination and violence by conscripts from Dagestan at an air base in Perm. The situation is similar to others written about on these pages. The second article reports on rumors the army is ready to entertain the idea of single-nationality units to forestall some of these problems.
Not long ago Tatar parents actually argued for monoethnic units to protect their conscript sons from ‘dedovshchina on nationality grounds.’ Once again, conscripts from Dagestan were the perpetrators of the violence in many cases.
The possibility of ethnic units to control zemlyachestvo in the army runs counter to the Defense Ministry’s current policy of letting more conscripts serve closer to home if possible. Presumably a unit of men from Dagestan wouldn’t serve anywhere near their homes. At the same time, such a unit could be the source of many problems with the locals in a predominantly Russian area.
Posted in Conscription, Hazing, Law, Order, and Discipline, Manpower
Tagged Dagestan, Dedovshchina, Землячество, Perm, Sokol Air Base, Zemlyachesto